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Karnivor Jawa

CANIDAE

1. Canis familiaris
Author                : Linnaeuss, 1758.
Common Name   : Domesticated dog.
Vernacular Name : Anjing; Asu (Jawa); Wasua (Kanikeh, Seram).
Distribution         : Feral throughout Indonesia.
Ecology              : Vicinity of human settlements.
 
2. Cuon alpinus

Author               : Pallas, 1811 (Canis alpinus).
Synonym           : Canis familiaris var. sumatrensis; C. javanicus; C. rutilans.
Common Name  : Dhole, Asiatic wild dog, Red dog.
Vernacular Name: Ajag; Anjing hutan, Kikik.
Distribution         : Sumatra, Panaitan and Java.
Ecology              : Open forested country.
Status                : CITES - Appendix II; U.S. ESA - Endangered; IUCN - Vulnerable.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
 
FELIDAE
3. Felis catus
Author               : Linnaeus, 1758.
Synonym           : F. deliensis; F. megalotis.
Common Name  : Domestic cat.
Vernacular Name: Kucing.
Distribution         : Feral throughout Indonesia.
 
4. Panthera pardus melas
Author                : Linnaeus, 1758 (Felis pardus).
Synonym            : F. melas; F. variegata.
Common Name   : Leopard.
Vernacular Name : Macan tutul; Macan kumbang; Kerut, Maung hidieung, Maung Tablo (Sunda); Macan Tol-tol, Macan Kombeng (Madura).
Distribution         : Panaitan, Java and Kangean Islands.
Status                : CITES - Appendix I; U.S. ESA - Endangered; IUCN - Endangered as P. p. melas.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
 
5. Panthera sondaica javanica
Author                : Linnaeus, 1758 (Felis tigris).
Synonym            : Panthera tigris sondaica (Temmick)
Common Name   : Tiger.
Vernacular Name : Harimau (Ind.); Gembong, Macan Loreng, Kyaine, Simbahe (Jawa); Maung Turih Tempe, Maung Balarak Sengkled, Maung Siliwangi (Sunda); Macan Rajeh, Lareng koneng, Lareng Kenik, Sruni (Madura).
Distribution          : Java (add.PKJ: in java is still now)
Status                 : CITES - Appendix I; U.S. ESA and IUCN – Critically; Extink as P. t.sondaica.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
Remarks            : Last reliable record for Java 1979. (add.PKJ record tiger killing in Java by local hunter in 2004, 2008 & 2009).
 
6. Prionailurus bengalensis
Author                : Kerr, 1792 (Felis bengalensis).
Synonym            : F. javanensis; F. minuta; F.punctulata; F. sumatrana; F. tingia.
Common Name   : Leopard cat.
Vernacular Name : Kucing hutan; Blacan, Gracan, Macan Rembah, Macan Cecep (Jawa); Meong congkok (Sunda), Macan Ren-rem (Madura).
Distribution         : Sumatra, Kalimantan, Java, Karimunjawa Islands, Bali and Lombok.
Ecology              : Forests, plantations and suburban habitats; terrestrial; nocturnal.
Status                : CITES - Appendix I as Felis bengalensis bengalensis; otherwise Appendix II. U.S. ESA - Endangered.
Status Indonesia : Protected as F. bengalensis.
 
7. Prionailurus viverrinus
Author                : Bennett, 1833 (Felis viverrinus).
Common Name   : Fishing cat.
Vernacular Name : Kucing bakau.
Distribution         : Java; possibly Sumatra.
Ecology              : Water-side habitats with dense cover.
Status                : CITES - Appendix II; IUCN - Lower risk: near threatened.
Status Indonesia : Protected as F. viverrinus.
 
 
HERPESTIDAE
8. Herpestes javanicus
 
Author                : Geoffroy, 1818 (Ichneumon javanicus).
Synonym            : H. rafflesii.
Common Name   : Small Asian or Javan mongoose.
Vernacular Name : Garangan Jawa.
Distribution          : Aceh and Java; introduced to Ambon.
Ecology              : Mainly diurnal and terrestrial.
 
MUSTELIDAE - LUTRINAE
9. Aonyx cinerea
Author               : Illiger, 1815 (Lutra cinerea).
Synonym           : A. horsfieldi; L. leptonyx.
Common Name   : Oriental small-clawed otter.
Vernacular Name : Berang-berang cakar kecil; Kuching air.
Distribution         : Sumatra, Riau and Lingga Islands, Kalimantan, Laut, Java and Karimunjawa Islands; possibly Mentawai Islands.
Ecology              : Streams; diurnal.
Status                : CITES - Appendix II; IUCN - Lower risk: near threatened.
 
10. Lutrogale perspicillata
Author                : Geoffroy, 1826 (Lutra perspicillata).
Synonym            : L. simung.
Common Name   : Smooth-coated otter.
Vernacular Name : Berang-berang bulu licin, Wergul.
Distribution         : Sumatra, W and C Java and Kalimantan.
Ecology              : Streams.
Status                 : CITES - Appendix II; IUCN - Vulnerable as Lutra perspicillata.
 
MUSTELIDAE - MELINAE
11. Melogale orientalis
 
Author                : Horsfield, 1821 (Gulo orientalis).
Synonym            : M. personata orientalis.
Common Name   : Javan ferret-badger.
Vernacular Name : Biul.
Distribution          : Java and Bali.
Ecology               : Terrestrial; nocturnal.
Status                  : IUCN - Lower risk: near threatened as M. p. orientalis.
Remarks              : Endemic.
 
12. Mydaus javanensis
Author               : Leschenault, 1818 (Mephitis javanensis).
Synonym           : Mydaus lucifer; M. luciferoides; M. meliceps; M. ollula.
Common Name   : Javan stink badger.
Vernacular Name : Sigung; Teledu.
Distribution         : Sumatra, Natuna Islands, Kalimantan and Java.
Ecology              : Terrestrial; nocturnal.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
Remarks            : Endemic.
 
MUSTELIDAE - MUSTELINAE
13. Martes flavigula
Author                : Boddaert, 1785 (Mustela flavigula).
Synonym           : Mustela lasiotis; M. henricii.
Common Name   : Yellow-throated marten.
Vernacular Name : Musang tenggorokan kuning.
Distribution          : Sumatra, Bangka and Kalimantan; W and C Java.
Ecology               : Ground to canopy; diurnal; on Java between 1500-2600 m.
Status                  : IUCN - Endangered as M.f. robinsoni.
 
14. Mustela lutreolina
Author                : Robinson and Thomas, 1917.
Common Name   : Indonesian mountain weasel.
Vernacular Name : Mermer.
Distribution         : Java and S Sumatra.
Ecology              : Terrestrial; mostly above 1000 m.
Status                : IUCN - Endangered.
Remarks            : Endemic.
 
VIVERRIDAE
15. Arctictis binturong
Author                : Raffles, 1821 (Viverra binturong).
Synonym            : A. niasensis; A. pageli; A. penicillatus.
Common Name   : Binturong; Bear-cat.
Vernacular Name : Binturong.
Distribution         : Nias, Sumatra, Riau Islands, Bangka, Java, Kalimantan.
Ecology             : Mature forests; arboreal and terrestrial; nocturnal.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
Remarks            : Endemic.
 
16. Arctogalidia trivirgata
Author               : Gray, 1832 (Paradoxurus trivirgatus).
Synonym           : A. bancana; A. bicolor; A. depressa; A. fusca; A. mima; A. inornata; A. minor; A. simplex; A. sumatrana; A. tingia; A. trilineata; P. leucotis; P. stigmaticus.
Common Name   : Small-toothed palm civet; Three-striped palm civet.
Vernacular Name : Musang akar.
Distribution         : Pini, Sumatra, Riau and Lingga Islands, Bangka, Belitung, Natuna Islands, Kalimantan and W Java.
Ecology             : Mature forests; arboreal; nocturnal.
Status               : IUCN - Endangered as A. t. trilineata.
 
17. Paradoxurus hermaphroditus
 
Author                : Pallas, 1777 (Viverra hermaphrodita).
Synonym            : P. brunneipes; P. canescens; P. celebensis; P. dubius; P. kangeanus; P. musangoides; P. padangus; P. parvus; P. philippinensis; P. refulgens; P. sabanus; P. setosus; P. sumbanus; P. typus; V. musanga.
Common Name   : Common palm civet.
Vernacular Name : Musang biasa; Luak biasa; Tupai, Tosia (Kanikeh, Seram).
Distribution         : Sumatra, Mentawai Islands, Kalimantan, Panaitan, Java, Madura, Bawean, Kangean Islands and Bali; (probably) introduced to Simeulue, Sulawesi, Lombok, Sumbawa, Komodo, Flores, Sumba, Timor, Wetar, Bacan, Halmahera, Seram, Sula, Kai and Aru Islands; Irian Jaya.
Ecology             : Secondary growth, plantations and human settlements; nocturnal; terrestrial and arboreal.
 
18. Prionodon linsang
Author                : Hardwicke, 1821 (Viverra linsang).
Synonym            : Felis gracilis; V. hardwichii.
Common Name   : Banded linsang.
Vernacular Name : Musang congkok; Linsang.
Distribution         : Sumatra, Bangka, Belitung, Java and Kalimantan.
Ecology              : Terrestrial and arboreal; nocturnal.
Status                : CITES - Appendix II.
Status Indonesia : Protected.
 
19. Viverricula indica
Author               : Desmarest, 1817 (Viverra indica).
Synonym           : Viverra malaccensis; V. rassae.
Common Name  : Small Indian civet; Little civet.
Vernacular Name: Rase.
Distribution        : Sumatra, Java, Barung, Bawean, Kangean Islands and Bali; (probably) introduced to Lombok and Sumbawa.
Ecology             : Terrestrial; nocturnal.
 
 
(Di sarikan dari IUCN dan berbagai sumber)
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 

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